Government Policy Framework
The Australian Government provides funding to States and Territories through the National Disaster Relief and Recovery Arrangements (NDRRA) to help pay for natural disaster relief and recovery costs.
In December 2009, the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) agreed to adopt a whole-of-nation resilience-based approach to disaster management, recognising that a national, coordinated and cooperative effort was needed to better withstand and recover from emergencies and disasters.
As a result, COAG adopted the National Strategy for Disaster Resilience: Building our nation's resilience to disasters in February 2011. The strategy provides high-level, strategic direction and guidance for new or ongoing disaster resilience work.
The strategy is complemented by policies including:
- The National Disaster Resilience Framework. This articulates the high level disaster resilience agenda established by Ministerial Council for Police and Emergency Management – Emergency Management and sets guidelines and principles for the emergency management sector.
- Australian Government’s Critical Infrastructure Resilience Strategy is the nation's approach to critical infrastructure resilience with a strong focus on business-government partnerships.
- The Australian Governments National Strategy for Disaster Resilience recognises that a national, coordinated and cooperative effort is required to enhance Australia's capacity to withstand and recover from emergencies and disasters.
- In 2009, various Commonwealth programs for disaster mitigation and emergency management were replaced by the National Partnership Agreement on Natural Disaster Resilience (NPA).
- The Natural Disaster Resilience Program is a joint Commonwealth and State funding program to improve the nation's disaster resilience. The program provides matched funding to States and Territories to address disaster risks, support emergency management volunteers, ensure appropriate emergency management capability and improve disaster resilience. In May 2017, the programme was extended to June 2018.
The Roundtable supports a sustainable, coordinated, comprehensive national approach to resilience.